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Vietnamese History: Historical Accounts
There are two major views on the categorization of the dynasty.
1) Zhao Tuo (趙佗; Triệu Đà in Vietnamese) was a Chinese general of the Qin Dynasty, who made himself the king of Nanyue (Nam Việt), established in the area of Lingnan (嶺南), which today comprises Guangdong, Guangxi, and other nearby areas of southern mainland China. He conquered the state of Âu Lạc, a country named by Thục Phán An Dương Vương. It is well known that he severed all ties with China, forsook Chinese culture and dismissed and even killed all Chinese employees appointed by the central government. He favored local Viet customs.
2) Historians who consider Triệu Đà to have been Vietnamese do so on the basis that his seizure of Âu Lạc and his independent rule of it were an act of defiance of the Western Han Dynasty, because he severed all ties with China and killed all Chinese employees appointed by the central government and favored local Viet customs. The Triệu Dynasty ended when the Han seized and occupied Nam Việt after the fall of Triệu Dương Vương (Triệu Đà’s great-grandson) in 111 BC. According to this view of history, the First Chinese domination commenced in 111 BC and lasted until the revolt of the Trưng sisters (or Hai Bà Trưng) which occurred around 40 AD.